Euphorbia confinalis R.A. Dyer
subsp. rhodesiaca L.C. Leach

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Common names:
Status: Native
Succulent spiny tree, main stem divided into several trunk-like branches, each with a crown of curved, ascending branches. This subspecies can be distinguished from var. confinalis by its 5-6 angled trunk, more main branches and more persistent spines.
Notes: It is confined to the granite outcrops and ridges of the Matobo and Bikita areas.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In rocky places.
Altitude range: (metres) 950 - 1400 m
Flowering time:Jun - Aug
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe only.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 31 August 2008

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 407 - 408.

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Pages 16 - 17.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia confinalis subsp. rhodesiaca:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia confinalis
African Plant Database: Euphorbia confinalis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Euphorbia confinalis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia confinalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia confinalis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia confinalis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia confinalis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia confinalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euphorbia confinalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia confinalis
Ispot Southern Africa: Euphorbia confinalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia confinalis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia confinalis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia confinalis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Euphorbia confinalis
Tropicos: Euphorbia confinalis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Euphorbia confinalis subsp. rhodesiaca., retrieved 19 April 2019

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