Euphorbia halipedicola L.C. Leach

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Euphorbia halipedicola

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique.

Euphorbia halipedicola

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique.

Euphorbia halipedicola

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Zigzag euphorbia (English)
Status: Native
Succulent shrub or small tree, usually single-stemmed. Branchlets constricted into oblong segments up to 40 cm long, 3-4-angled with thin, distinctly undulating wings (See centre photo); spine shields more or less continuous, forming a horny margin on the wings. Flowers deep yellow to orange, in clusters above the spines (photo right shows young developing fruits). Fruit distinctly 3-lobed when mature, c. 8 × 20 mm, on a pedicel c. 8 mm long.
Notes: Note: Superficially similar to Euphorbia cooperi but distinguished by the much larger segments and the strongly undulating wing margins.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In mixed woodland, in seasonally flooded areas on deep alluvial soils.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 500 m
Flowering time:May - Aug
Worldwide distribution: Coastal Tanzania, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and possibly southern Malawi.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 31 August 2008

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 398 - 400. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia halipedicola:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbia halipedicola

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia halipedicola
African Plant Database: Euphorbia halipedicola
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Euphorbia halipedicola
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia halipedicola
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia halipedicola
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia halipedicola
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia halipedicola
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia halipedicola
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euphorbia halipedicola
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia halipedicola
Ispot Southern Africa: Euphorbia halipedicola
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia halipedicola
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia halipedicola
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia halipedicola
The Plant List (version 1.1): Euphorbia halipedicola
Tropicos: Euphorbia halipedicola

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Euphorbia halipedicola., retrieved 19 March 2018

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