Euphorbia matabelensis Pax

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Euphorbia matabelensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Domboshawa

Euphorbia matabelensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Domboshawa

Euphorbia matabelensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Domboshawa

Euphorbia matabelensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Domboshawa

Euphorbia matabelensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Domboshawa

Euphorbia matabelensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Domboshawa

Euphorbia matabelensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chesa Forest Reserve, Umguza District.

Euphorbia matabelensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chesa Forest Reserve, Umguza District.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Euphorbia currorii N.E. Br.
Euphorbia inelegans N.E. Br.
Euphorbia jaegeriana Pax
Common names: Chisimbo (Shona) Hamwamwa (Ndebele) Murimbo (Shona) Musambamacheche (Tonga: Zimbabwe) Three-forked euphorbia (English) Umhlanziso (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Deciduous shrub or small tree. Bark light grey, smooth; branches typically forking in whorls of three, often spine-tipped (image 1). Leaves in clusters on small spurs,somewhat blue-green, narrowly lanceolate, normally c. 3-4 cm long; margin entire. Flowers in small dense heads at the ends of spurs and branches, greenish yellow. Fruit 3-lobed, c. 8 mm in diameter.
Notes: Known as the Three forked euphorbia because of the tendency for the branches to fork into three branches. See image 1 for an example.
Derivation of specific name: matabelensis : of Matabeleland in Southwestern Zimbabwe where the type was collected.
Habitat: Often on rocky outcrops and in open woodland on hillsides in sandy soils.
Altitude range: (metres) 450 - 1600 m
Flowering time:May - Jun (and later)
Worldwide distribution: Southern Angola, Botswana, Caprivi-Namibia, Southern Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 2 July 2018
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 146.

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 388 - 390. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 532. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 337.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Page 483.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 48.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 57.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 56.


Other sources of information about Euphorbia matabelensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Euphorbia matabelensis
Flora of Caprivi: Euphorbia matabelensis
Flora of Malawi: Euphorbia matabelensis
Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbia matabelensis
Flora of Zambia: Euphorbia matabelensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia matabelensis
African Plant Database: Euphorbia matabelensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Euphorbia matabelensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia matabelensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia matabelensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia matabelensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia matabelensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia matabelensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euphorbia matabelensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia matabelensis
Ispot Southern Africa: Euphorbia matabelensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia matabelensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia matabelensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia matabelensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Euphorbia matabelensis
Tropicos: Euphorbia matabelensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Euphorbia matabelensis.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=136160, retrieved 23 October 2018

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