Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'

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Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'

Photo: Bart Wursten
Leopard Rock Game Reserve, Vumba

Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'

Photo: Bart Wursten
Leopard Rock Game Reserve, Vumba

Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the lodges, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the lodges, Lake Kyle Recreational Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Solanum bojeri Dunal
Solanum delagoense Dunal
Solanum incanum sensu auct. pro parte
Solanum panduriforme E. Mey.
Common names: Bitter apple (English) Intume (Ndebele) Munhomboro (Shona) Munhundurwa (Shona) Poison apple (English) Snake apple (English) Sodom apple (English) Thorn apple (English) Umdulukwa (Ndebele)
Frequency: Common
Status: Probably native
Description:
This shows the other extreme of the variability in Solanum campylacanthum which is armed on most parts, including the leaves broadly ovate with margin deeply lobed with broadly triangular or rounded lobes and prickles on the midrib and lateral veins.
Notes: The fruits are poisonous and used as a traditional medicine for many ailments.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Mostly as a weed of disturbed and overgrazed areas and road sides.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 2000 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Of unknown origin but now widespread in eastern and southern Africa, this form appears to be far less common than the unarmed, weedy form.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 12 September 2006
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 272.

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 112 - 116. as Solanum incanum

Knapp, S., Vorontsova, M. S. & Prohens, J. (2013). Wild Relatives of the Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.: Solanaceae): New Understanding of Species Names in a Complex Group

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 80. As Solanum incanum

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 106. as Solanum delagoense

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Pages 52 - 53. (Includes a picture).


Other sources of information about Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type':

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
Flora of Caprivi: Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
Flora of Malawi: Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
Flora of Mozambique: Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
Flora of Zambia: Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
African Plant Database: Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
iNaturalist: Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
JSTOR Plant Science: Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
Plants of the World Online: Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
Tropicos: Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'
Wikipedia: Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Solanum campylacanthum 'incanum type'.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150670, retrieved 26 November 2022

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