Keetia venosa (Oliv.) Bridson

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Keetia venosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyabamba Bridge, Chimanimani District

Keetia venosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Pungwe River at Katiyo Tea Estate

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Synonyms: Canthium venosum (Oliv.) Hiern
Plectronia venosa Oliv.
Common names: Raisin-fruit keetia (English)
Status: Native
Evergreen liane or scrambling shrub. Leaves opposite, oblong-elliptic, 4.5-14 cm long, glossy dark green, mostly glabrous except for some hairs on the veins below, domatia present but inconspicuous; base usually rounded or very shallowly cordate; net-veining, perpendicular to the midrib, conspicuous on both surfaces. Stipules triangular,abruptly tapering into a linear tip. Often smaller almost round leaves are present at the base of lateral branchlets. Flowers in dense axillary clusters, creamy-white. Fruit in clusters, sometimes slightly 2-lobed, hairless, black when ripe.
Notes: See the very similar Keetia gueinzii for comparison. Also somewhat similar to Psydrax kraussioides. Please refer to that species for a discussion of the differences.
Derivation of specific name: venosa: conspicuously veined
Habitat: In margins of evergreen forest and along streams.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1525 m
Flowering time:Feb - Oct
Worldwide distribution: From Tropical West Africa to Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 25 May 2008

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 365 - 367.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 924. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 276. As Canthium venosum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 72.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 30 - 31. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 164.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 98.

Other sources of information about Keetia venosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Keetia venosa
Flora of Malawi: Keetia venosa
Flora of Mozambique: Keetia venosa
Flora of Zambia: Keetia venosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Keetia venosa
African Plant Database: Keetia venosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Keetia venosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Keetia venosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Keetia venosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Keetia venosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Keetia venosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Keetia venosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Keetia venosa
Plants of the World Online: Keetia venosa
Tropicos: Keetia venosa
Wikipedia: Keetia venosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Keetia venosa., retrieved 24 May 2024

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