Euphorbia citrina S. Carter

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Euphorbia citrina

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Engwa, Himalayas

Euphorbia citrina

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Engwa, Himalayas

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
This straggly shrub may grow up to 3 m but is normally much smaller.
Notes: This species was only relatively recently described (in 1990). It makes quite a display in autumn when the whole plant turns bright red (see image 2).
Derivation of specific name: citrina: referring to the yellow bracts
Habitat: Montane grassland
Altitude range: (metres) 1530 - 2100 m
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Confined to the border mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 449. (Includes a picture).

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 370 - 371. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 26.

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 84.

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 138.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 92.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia citrina:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbia citrina

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia citrina
African Plant Database: Euphorbia citrina
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia citrina
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia citrina
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia citrina
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia citrina
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia citrina
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euphorbia citrina
iNaturalist: Euphorbia citrina
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia citrina
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia citrina
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia citrina
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia citrina
Plants of the World Online: Euphorbia citrina
Tropicos: Euphorbia citrina
Wikipedia: Euphorbia citrina

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Euphorbia citrina., retrieved 3 February 2023

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