Adenia fruticosa Burtt Davy
subsp. simplicifolia W.J. de Wilde

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Adenia fruticosa subsp. simplicifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Tonorai primary School, rd to Birchenough Bridge, Save Valley

Adenia fruticosa subsp. simplicifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Tonorai primary School, rd to Birchenough Bridge, Save Valley

Adenia fruticosa subsp. simplicifolia

Photo: Clive Stockil
Save Gorge near Chilo Lodge

Adenia fruticosa subsp. simplicifolia

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Gonarezhou, Chihunja range

Adenia fruticosa subsp. simplicifolia

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Gonarezhou, Chihunja range

Adenia fruticosa subsp. simplicifolia

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Gonarezhou, Chihunja range

Adenia fruticosa subsp. simplicifolia

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Gonarezhou, Chihunja range

Adenia fruticosa subsp. simplicifolia

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Gonarezhou, Chihunja range

Adenia fruticosa subsp. simplicifolia

Photo: Mark Hyde
Viewpoint at Chivirira Falls, Mahenye

Adenia fruticosa subsp. simplicifolia

Photo: Mark Hyde
Viewpoint at Chivirira Falls, Mahenye

Adenia fruticosa subsp. simplicifolia

Photo: Mark Hyde
Viewpoint at Chivirira Falls, Mahenye

Adenia fruticosa subsp. simplicifolia

Photo: Mark Hyde
Viewpoint at Chivirira Falls, Mahenye

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Green-stem (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Strong liane-like climber. Stem trunk-like, softly woody, grey-green, up to 50 cm in diameter. Tendrils up to 12 cm long, often breaking off and becoming spinescent. Leaves mostly simple, occasionally 3-foliolate, broadly ovate to almost round, 1 to 8 cm long, bluish-green with a single gland on the top of the petiole near the base of the leaf blade; margin entire. Flowers in clusters on very short lateral shoots, greenish. Fruit ellipsoid, leathery, smooth.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: fruticosa: shrubby or becoming shrubby; simplicifolia: with simple leaves.
Habitat: In hot and dry deciduous woodland, often in sandy or rocky areas.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe (scattered distribution in the Save lowveld) and South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s): Climber, liane.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 28 December 2013
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 262.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1978). Passifloraceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 387 - 388.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 168.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 66.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 91.


Other sources of information about Adenia fruticosa subsp. simplicifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Adenia fruticosa subsp. simplicifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Adenia fruticosa
African Plant Database: Adenia fruticosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Adenia fruticosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Adenia fruticosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Adenia fruticosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Adenia fruticosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Adenia fruticosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Adenia fruticosa
iNaturalist: Adenia fruticosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Adenia fruticosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Adenia fruticosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Adenia fruticosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Adenia fruticosa
Plants of the World Online: Adenia fruticosa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Adenia fruticosa
Tropicos: Adenia fruticosa
Wikipedia: Adenia fruticosa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Adenia fruticosa subsp. simplicifolia.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=141050, retrieved 21 October 2019

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